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Eugene L. Now that he is no longer actively serving as the William K. McElvaney Professor of Preaching, his travels as preacher, teacher and pianist have broadened in scope. Ordained a United Methodist minister, Dr. Lowry's academic preparation includes four degrees, culminating with a doctorate ineducation from the University of Kansas. These lectures form the basis for this book.
Through the years he has preached in hundreds of churches, conferences and regional events in over 20 denominations as well as lecturing in 50 graduate theological seminaries across North America. While the sermon as narrative has become conventional preaching wisdom, it is largely misunderstood. Sermons are, by definition, narratives and as such, they have plots. At the same time, the Promoting the idea of sermon as narrative, Eugene Lowry's first book, The Homiletical Plot, became one of the most influential preaching books of the latter part of the 20th century.
At the same time, the sermon is not a story. While similar in many ways, narratives and stories are distinct. Therefore, to think of narrative preaching as merely one of many homiletical styles is to misunderstand and reduce the nature of the sermon.
The sermon is more than just an option for the preacher; rather, it is, by definition, a narrative because it happens in time, not in space. This changes everything because the sermon ceases to be something a preacher constructs, like a thesis or even a painting. Instead, it is more like a piece of music - something a preacher plays within intuitively, to a constant beat - time after time, week after week.
In light of this revelation, what are new strategic aims for sermon preparation and delivery? Get A Copy. More Details Other Editions 3. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Homiletical Beat , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Preaching Narrative: Plot Laurence A.
Turner Introduction From a literary point of view, Old Testament narratives are among the greatest ever told. Yet these biblical stories which communicate directly and immediately, lodging in the memory for a lifetime, have traditionally not been preached well.
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For example, a sermon which re-tells the biblical story blow by blow and then appends a general moral obligation will always be less successful than a simple reading of the narrative itself. Successful preaching on Old Testament narrative requires an understanding of its characteristics, a major element of which is plot. Our understanding of plots and the dynamics of narrative have been enhanced in recent years by the discipline of narrative criticism. Unfortunately, however, this approach to the text has often received a guarded, not to say hostile, reception in evangelical circles.
If a text did not accurately reflect real historical circumstances, so it was argued, then how can its theology be trusted? Consequently, evangelical engagement with the Old Testament emphasised history and theology. Reactions ranged from outright rejection,2 or very guarded interest,3 to reasoned acceptance of its potential for evangelical interpretation.
The following approach to narrative plot has three major assumptions. First, that narrative criticism is compatible with a high view of Scripture. Second, that despite the complexity of jargon encountered in many scholarly narrative-critical works, most Old Testament narratives, while profound, are accessible. Third, that preachers who are non-specialists can enrich their preaching by utilising the basics of narrative criticism. Louis: Chalice Press, , It is generally agreed that a narrative has four major characteristics.
First, a sequence of events which punctuate a timeline. Secondly, a major character or characters whose actions or motives drive the narrated events towards a conclusion. Thirdly, a plot which provides an overarching coherence to the individual events. Fourthly, the structuring of the plot in such a way as to imply cause and effect between events. Much more could be said, but this preliminary definition of narrative is enough to provide a basis for considering plot. Plots have an intimate relationship with narratives.
But how does a plot achieve these functions, and why should readers and preachers of the Old Testament appreciate it? On this there is general agreement, though there is some variety in the terminology used for each element. Using the vocabulary of Marguerat and Bourquin,11 they are: 1. Initial situation or exposition Information concerning characters, their situation, and sometimes hints concerning their motives, so that readers may understand subsequent developments in the narrative.
The initial situation requires development or destabilisation for the plot to progress. Complication This begins the trajectory of the narrative from its initial status quo. The movement may be initiated by a speech, action, revelation of a problem, in fact anything which introduces enough tension into the situation to indicate matters cannot remain at rest.
Transforming action The transforming action introduces the potential means of removing, overcoming, managing or in some way responding to the complication. This clearly stands at the heart of the plot and marks the initial move towards resolution. Final situation This brings the narrative to a resting place by showing how the situation has returned to that in the initial situation, or moved on to a new stage of equilibrium.
Such a plot structure can be illustrated from virtually any narrative in the Old Testament.
For example, the plot of the story of David and Bathsheba found in 2 Samuel Initial situation: While the army is out on a campaign against the Ammonites, King David is at ease in his palace in Jerusalem v. Complication: He falls for the gorgeous Bathsheba, wife of the absent Uriah the Hittite, and she tells him she is pregnant vv. Transforming action: David calls for Uriah, and tries to persuade him to go down to his house. Uriah resolutely refuses, so David plots his demise vv. Resolution: Uriah is killed and David is informed of his death vv.
Final situation: Bathsheba mourns for Uriah, marries David and gives birth to a son.http://school97ufa.ru/cache/2019-04-12/4796-znakomstvo-badu-na.php
God is not pleased vv. In any plotted narrative the transitions from one movement to the next are likely to be gradual rather than abrupt, so there might be a difference of opinion as to where exactly to draw the line between them. For example, in this particular narrative, at which precise point does transforming action merge into resolution? While a full-fledged plot has a quinary structure, it is not mandatory to have all five elements.
However, initial situation, complication and resolution are almost always a minimum requirement. On the one hand, therefore, the plot of any narrative has a predetermined trajectory. What prevents a good narrative descending into the utterly predictable, however, is the creativity of the narrator in including certain details and omitting others. But apart from one brief mention of her mourning, right at the end, we are never told how she reacts to these tragic events.
The end result is a narrative whose general plotted structure can be predicted before it is read, but a story which is full of surprise. There are numerous variations on the basic plot structure. For example, in Genesis However, Abraham repeats his plea, this time reducing the threshold to forty-five vv. The interest of the hearer is thus increased, as the threshold is decreased one step at a time: have we now reached resolution, or have we not? Narrators also utilise different kinds of resolutions, which might not be full, but rather partial or open-ended.
How Jonah might have answered, or how the reader might respond, are surrendered by the narrator to those who hear his narrative. For example, in 2 Samuel 11, the initial situation and complication vv. However, the resolution vv. The final situation vv. Old Testament narratives tend to be surrounded by larger narrative blocks. This means that while plots structure their own micro-narratives, these plots themselves become part of the larger macro-narrative.
- The Homiletical Plot, Expanded Edition?
- The Homiletical Plot, Expanded Edition?
- Lowry, Eugene L. [WorldCat Identities].
An individual plot might come to its final situation, only for that equilibrium to provide the initial situation for complication in the succeeding episode. Serious misunderstanding can occur when individual episodes are viewed in isolation, rather than as part of their larger plot. Yet, far from being largely unrelated to its context, the plot of this narrative develops elements of the previous account, and prepares the way for what follows. For example, in ch. In ch.
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This in turn anticipates the complication of ch. Understanding the role of Gen 38 in its macro-narrative enhances our understanding not only of that chapter but also the other episodes to which it is related. An understanding of plot also affects our re-reading of narratives. As first-time readers of a biblical narrative, not knowing the end from the beginning, we are drawn to an unknown resolution, with escalating unresolved tension, until the final decisive moves.
We put the narrative to one side with a sense of fulfilment. But what about the next time we read that narrative? As second-time readers we already know the conclusion, so the resolution, as such, no longer comes as a surprise. We can always read as if for the first time, that is, holding our privileged information in abeyance, and adopting the perspective of the characters in the plot who remain eternal first-time participants. And I would maintain that some element of surprise should remain in any reading of a biblical narrative if we are to appreciate its narrative genius.
For example, Genesis However, such is not the case for the first-time reader, who knows merely that Abraham is being tested.