In the battle that followed, Ethelwald was killed. Edward continued his wars against the Danes. She had married Ethelred of Mercia and at his death she became the leader of the Mercians. Together Edward and Ethelflaeda defeated the Danes in numerous battles. This was what her father Alfred the Great had done on the Wessex borders with the Danish held territories. Not just for defense of his own lands he used them to hold captured lands.
So much so they quit raiding into Wessex and Mercia. He brought Strathclyde and parts of Northumbria under his control. He also brought Mercia under his direct rule after his sister Ethelflaeda died. But by the end of his reign he had control of all lands south of the River Humber. In Mercian nobles wanting to be free of Edward's rule made an alliance with the Welsh.
Top 10 facts about Edward I
Edward died 17 July Edward's first wife was Egwina. As his third wife, Edward married Eadgifu, the daughter of Sigehelm. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An Anglo-Saxon coin brooch silver , dated c. Discovered in Rome, now in the British Museum. Being the king's son did not guarantee succession. The new king was selected from among the eligible Athelings sons and grandsons of former kings. Since the time of Bede c. Since king Alfred died on 26 October, the chroniclers of that time placed it in the calendar year Whitsunday or 8 June of that year fell within the same twelve-month period.
So to the chroniclers 26 October and the following 8 June were both in the year Corrected to our calendar, Alfred died 26 October and Edward was coronated on 8 June Higham; D. Hill London; New York: Routledge, , p.
Find a grave. Retrieved Alfred began putting in place measures to ensure his own son, Edward, succeeded him rather than his nephews Aethelhelm and Aethelwold. Alfred claimed to have the support of the Witan for his son to succeed him.
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Alfred captured London. The marriage was made so that Alfred could have some control over Mercia and London. Aethelflaed and Aethelred fortified Worcester, the first of many fortified burhs that they would construct. Guthrum, who had ruled East Anglia as King Aethelstan, died. The peace he had agreed with Alfred was honoured by his successor. Alfred established a permanent army setting up a system where only half the army was to be on service at any one time.
Those not on service could be called on as reinforcements in times of need. The date is disputed. A large Danish Viking contingent arrived in around ships. They landed in Kent and a number of them took over a half completed fortified building in Appledore. At the same time another Viking force of 80 ships landed in northern Kent and made camp at Milton.
Alfred stationed his army midway between the two. Alfred entered into negotiations with Hasteinn, leader of the Viking force at Milton. A settlement was reached whereby Alfred gave Hasteinn money and treasures while Hasteinn gave Alfred hostages and swore an oath of peace. Soon after swearing a peace oath Hasteinn took his army and laid waste to Benfleet in Essex. Edward married or had a liaison with Ecgwynn. Historians are divided on whether Edward and Ecgwynn were lawfully married.
They were returning to Appledore with their booty but Edward, who had recovered the stolen treasure, cut them off and put them to flight. He then pursued the Vikings, caught up with them and held them under siege on an island in the River Colne. While Edward and his father had been occupied with the Vikings in Kent, the East Anglia Vikings had sailed to Exeter and lay siege to the city. Alfred had intended to help his son defeat the Vikings on the island but had to divert and go to Exeter and lay siege to the city.
A further group of Vikings marched west probably to relieve the siege of Exeter but they were met at Buttington by a large force led by the Ealdormen of Mercia, Somerset and Wiltshire who succeeded in putting them to flight and the Vikings returned to East Anglia. Soon afterwards the Vikings in Exeter withdrew and also returned to East Anglia.
The Vikings built a new fort about 20 miles north of London by the river Lea. A son, Aethelstan , was born to Edward and Ecgwynn. Historians are divided on the subject of whether or not Aethelstan was illegitimate. Alfred led an attack on the Viking fortress by the river Lea but was beaten back. Alfred built two new fortresses by the river Lea which meant that the Viking force further up the river were unable to get their boats out to sea. Edward married Aelfflaed , daughter of the ealdorman of Wiltshire.
King Alfred died. He then took Christchurch in Sussex. Edward marched to Badbury and offered Aethelwold the chance for battle. However, Aethelwold took the decision not to fight but instead rode north. Aethelwold was made King of York and received the allegiance of the Northern Vikings. The Battle of Holme Edward was defeated in this battle with the forces of Aethelwold and his allies. A son, Edwin, was born to Aelfflaed and Edward. This date has been estimated with the knowledge that Edwin was younger than his brother, Aelfweard. Edward made peace with the East Anglian and Northumbrian Danes.
It is likely that Edward made some kind of payment in exchange for peace. This gave them control of the lower Dee and also a fortified, protected Burh to use as base from which to harry the Northumbrian Danes. Battle of Tettenhall Wednesfield. The combined forces of Mercia and Wessex defeated the Northumbrian Vikings. Edward took the cities of London and Oxford when his brother-in-law, Aethelred of Mercia, died. Edward constructed a burh fort at Hertford. The idea was to prevent the Danes moving south from Bedford and Cambridge. Edward stationed his army at Maldon and constructed a new burh at Witham to prevent the Danes moving west from Colchester.
Athelstan - First King of All England by Athelstan Museum
A second stronghold was constructed at Hertford making London relatively secure from attack. Eadulf of Bamburgh died.
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He was succeeded by his son Ealdred. Bamburgh was an Anglo-Saxon stronghold in Northumbria and therefore important. Ealdred was on good terms with Edward. A Viking force from Brittany that tried to advance up the River Severn was defeated. Edward stationed a force on the south of the River Severn to deal with any further attempted attacks.
In the Autumn the Vikings sailed to Ireland. Ealdred of Bamburgh was driven out of Bamburgh by Ragnall.